Learn more about our materials, finishing services and production options.
UMA (Urethane Methacrylate)The UMA family contains rigid resins similar to conventional SLA resins. It has a strength similar to ABS and moderate elongation at break. This material can be any color of the spectrum and is commonly used for manufacturing jigs, fixtures, and general purpose prototypes.
EPU (Elastomeric Polyurethane)EPU is an elastomeric material without equal in the additive industry. Its combination of tear strength, energy return, and elongation make it perfect for cushioning, vibration isolation, gaskets, and seals. EPU is comparable to TPU elastomer. Read more.
FPU (Flexible Polyurethane)Offering high impact strength, cycle life, and CLIP’s exceptional surface finish, FPU is a material without equal in the additive industry. It is designed to withstand repetitive stresses, making it ideal for tough enclosures, hinging mechanisms, and friction fits. FPU is comparable to polypropylene.
RPU (Rigid Polyurethane)Rigid Polyurethane is Carbon’s most versatile rigid material family. It is used across a wide range of industries, including consumer products, automotive, and industrial. RPU 70 has a UL 94 HB flame resistance classification. RPU is comparable to ABS. Read more.
CE (Cyanate Ester)With a 231°C heat deflection temperature, strength, and stiffness, CE 221 is perfect for applications that need long term thermal stability, like under-the-hood components, electronics assemblies, and industrial products. CE is comparable to glass-filled nylon. Read more.
EPX (Epoxy)EPX 81 is Carbon’s most accurate high strength rigid material, with mechanical properties comparable to 20% glass-filled PBT. It has a heat deflection temperature of 140°C and excellent abrasion resistance, making it useful in a variety of automotive, industrial, and consumer product settings. EPX is comparable to glass-filled PBT. Read more.
MPU (Multi-purpose Polyurethane)Offering a unique blend of biocompatibility, sterilizability, and durability, MPU 100 is a two-component material that produces isotropic parts with fine features. MPU is best suited for medical products and devices, consumer health care products, and drug contact applications. Read more.
SIL (Silicone Urethane)The first additive material to offer a unique combination of biocompatibility, low durometer, and tear-resistance. This material opens up the ability to print customized applications for comfortable skin contact products such as headphones, wristbands, and various attachments for wearables. SIL is comparable to commercial TPEs with a Shore A hardness of 35. Read more.
PA 12 (Polyamide)A versatile thermoplastic for high-density and finely detailed parts. PA 12 has excellent chemical resistance and is ideal for complex assemblies, housings, enclosures, and watertight applications.
PA 12 GB (Polyamide 12 Glass Beads)A 40% glass bead filled thermoplastic that provides and dimensional stability and repeatability. PA 12 GB is ideal for applications requiring high stiffness like enclosures, housings, fixtures, and tooling.
ABS-M30 is an advanced material that can be up to 70% stronger than normal ABS thermoplastics, while exhibiting superior layer bonding for more durable 3D-printed parts. This is the basic material used by Fast Radius for FDM 3D-printing, and is suitable for functional prototypes, low volume manufacturing, and one-off products.
Polycarbonate is a strong, reliable material that can be up to 60 percent stronger than ABS, while providing exceptional printing accuracy. Polycarbonate is transparent to RF radiation, so it is the appropriate choice when signals need to pass through the part.
Polycarbonate-ABS composites provide the best of both worlds for ABS and PC alike. With PC-ABS, you get the superior strength and durability of PC alongside the flexibility of ABS materials. This makes PC-ABS ideal for functional prototyping and one-off production in cases where neither ABS nor PC are sufficient alone.
ULTEM 1010 is a high-tech material engineered for high strength and high temperature applications. With the ability to withstand temperatures over 400°F and the highest tensile strength available in an FDM plastic, ULTEM 1010 is intended for high-end functional parts and prototypes. ULTEM 1010 is suitable for aerospace applications.
ABSplus-P430 is a production polymer designed to produce industrial parts comparable to traditional manufacturing methods in an additive manufacturing system. It is ideal for prototyping, one-off parts, and low volume production runs of parts that require good mechanical properties and low cost.
ABS-ESD7 is an ABS thermoplastic formulated for applications which require static electricity dissipation. To leverage this property, select this material for electronics packaging and containers which should not exhibit buildup of particulates. Jigs for electronics components are a popular example of such an application
When both transparency and increased strength are the needs at hand, ABS-M30i is the proper choice. With all the transparent flexibility of ABSi and the strength of ABS-M30, with (ISO 10993 USP Class VI biocompatability to boot, ABS-M30i is ideal for use in the food packaging and medical fields.
ASA is a next-generation building block for colorful parts in outdoor applications. With a wide variety of colors available and exceptional resistance to UV radiation, all on top of matching or exceeding the mechanical properties of ABS, ASA could very well be the new standard prototyping material.
PC-ISO is an industrial form of Polycarbonate that is biocompatible, allowing it to be used for functional prototyping and one-off parts in the medical industry. Deriving its name from the ISO 10993 USP Class VI standard it meets, PC-ISO is also suitable for food and drug packaging, as well as any other product requiring its eponymous qualification.
PPSF(polyphenylsulfone) is known for is high temperature resistance. Parts made with PPSF also exhibit the highest chemical resistance found in FDM products, with users being able to treat PPSF in a steam autoclave, with EtO (ethylene oxide), and with plasma if desired. This makes PPSF ideal for Aerospace, Automotive, and Medical applications.
ULTEM 9085 is a high-performance thermoplastic optimized for its flame retardant characteristics and FST rating. UlTEM 9085 is appropriate for applications where open flame is a danger and toxic byproducts of combustion are intolerable. Combined with its high strength to weight ratio, this makes ULTEM 9085 ideal for all transportation industries: aerospace, ground, and marine.
Nylon 12 is the first of a new line of nylon materials that complements existing FDM possibilities. When fatigue resistance is the critical variable, this is the material to start with. Thought that is not to suggest that Nylon 12 falls short when it comes to mechanical properties. Components made of Nylon 12 offer unparalleled fatigue resistance and toughness, with all the freedom and convenience of FDM manufacturing.
General purpose material that is highly accurate.
Tough and durable material ideal for functional prototypes and snap fits.
Rigid material and is clear and can be made transparent with additional finishing.
Accura ABS Like
Black Premium SLA material that is naturally black.
A hard, temperature resistant material with a opaque white color and high toughness. NeXt is so resilient to shock, it can be used to manufacture products that would normally require thermoplastics. Lacrosse heads made of NeXt have been successfully used to catch and throw 5.25 ounce rubber balls at 90 mph in test games.
Premium SLA material that is rigid with High Temperature Resistance.
Somos® ProtoGen 18420
A highly accurate material, resistant to temperature and humidity, this is the material of choice for automotive and medical applications which are white in color.
Somos® WaterShed XC 11122
A hard, temperature resistant material with optical values similar to engineering plastics. WaterShed is the appropriate choice for any application requiring transparency, in addition to temperature resistance and high strain to failure.
Nylon 12 PANylon 12 PA is a strong and versatile material with good chemical resistance, low moisture absorption, and high durability, suitable for producing low volumes of complex functional parts. It possesses a high strain to failure and relatively low elastic modulus, but produces a surface finish with a feature size under 10 microns, making it suitable for strong, tough parts that require the ability to withstand large deflections. It is a pure white material suitable for enclosures, snap-fit designs, complex ductwork, and other applications requiring high toughness, good surface finish, and complex shapes.
Nylon 12 GFNylon 12 GF is a glass-filled nylon material with a higher modulus than either Nylon 12 PA or AF. It possesses a light grey color and a density lower than Nylon 12 AF but higher than Nylon 12 PA. The surface finish exceeds both Nylon 12 AF and Nylon 12 PA with a feature size of only six micrometers. This material is suitable for applications that require high stiffness and strength, such as sporting goods.
VeroWhitePlus is a strong and rigid material with a pure white color and an exceptional layer resolution. Strength is similar to SLA materials, but it also possesses good elongation at failure. Highly accurate models, small parts with complex features, and medical devices, as well as any industry that requires layers measured in tens of microns will benefit from this material.
VeroBlue is a strong and rigid material, identical to VeroWhite except in its color. VeroBlue is a pale blue in color.
VeroGray is a strong and rigid material, identical to VeroWhite except in its color. VeroGray is a light gray in color.
VeroClear is a strong and rigid material, identical to VeroWhite except in its lack of color. VeroClear is a transparent material suitable for clear covers and components that allow visibility in addition to the other uses of the Vero line.
Digital ABS RGD5160-DM
Digital ABS, also known as GreenFire, is a strong and tough material. Compared to the Vero line, it sacrifices a small amount of strength for an exceptional elongation to break and an impact resistance three times that of other PolyJet materials. It's suitable for models that possess both accuracy and durability. It can be used in applications that ABS is suited for and is opaque green in color.
Also known as Amber Clear, this is a high resolution prototyping plastic suitable for models that require fluid visualization, form and fit testing of clear parts, sunglasses, art projects, and other applications that require transparency or easy color dying.
RGD450, also known as Rigur, is a simulated Polypropylene photopolymer with strength comparable to other PolyJet materials but a low elastic modulus. It also possesses exceptional fatigue resistance. It is ideal for living hinges, flexible closures, reusable containers, household appliances, and automotive parts.
PolyJet Flex & Over-Mold
Not one material, but rather a range of Shore A elastomers which can be added to VeroWhitePlus to modify its physical properties. Depending on the selection, it can be used to make materials similar to anything from human skin to skateboard wheels; the resulting products will be black in color.
A Shore A elastomer with a translucent, amber-like color and a range of hardness options. Good for simulated gaskets and O-rings, as well as over-molded handles, key pads, and button covers.
Stainless Steel 17-4 PH
As the most common member of the precipitation-hardened class of stainless steels, 17-4 PH is an established engineering material. A variety of heat treatment options are available to increase strength up to over 1400 MPa. 17-4 PH possesses excellent welding and machining characteristics on top of corrosion resistance. This steel sees heavy use in the aerospace, transportation, petrochemical, and food industries. It can be used for structural components, containers, frames, and many other high strength applications.
Stainless Steel 316L
Type 316L is another established structural metal. It is an austenitic stainless steel with low carbon content to limit complications in welding. Despite this, care is still required when welding the end product. Tensile strength is approximately half of 17-4 PH, but elongation at break is substantially larger. Heat treatment does not strengthen 316L. 316L exhibits exceptional resistance to corrosion, especially from chlorides, and maintains its strength even at high temperatures. It's commonly used in structural applications at high temperatures or in the presence of chlorides.
Like most aluminum alloys, this is a lightweight material with a moderate strength but high strength-to-weight ratio. It is ideal for for applications in the aerospace and automotive industries. It also exhibits much easier machining than steel, and can be built faster as well.
Originally developed to withstand the extreme temperatures and pressure found in turbojet engines, Inconel alloys are the ideal solution to extraordinarily hostile conditions. The aerospace, automotive, and petrochemical industries all have innumerable uses for this superalloy. Specifically, this variant is optimized for superior weldability while maintaining the resistance to high temperature corrosion.
Originally developed to withstand the extreme temperatures and pressure found in turbojet engines, Inconel alloys are the ideal solution to extraordinarily hostile conditions. The aerospace, automotive, and petrochemical industries all have innumerable uses for this superalloy. Specifically, this variant is a strengthened version of the 625 variant, while maintaining its superior weldability and resistance to high temperature corrosion. It does however, experience a drop in elongation compared to its predecessor.
With strength comparable to the strongest of the Inconel 718 series and just over half its density, Ti6AlV4 offers the best strength-to-weight ratio currently available in additive manufacturing. Additionally, this material offers exceptional corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. This combination of properties makes this alloy ideal for high performance structural requirements where weight is a primary concern, such as motor racing and the aerospace industry, as well as biomedical implants.
Cobalt Chrome CoCrMo
CoCrMo is a high performance superalloy intended for dental applications which require a ceramic veneer. It has been optimized for DMLS manufacturing, and exhibits mechanical properties on par with SS 17-4 PH, but with a much lower elongation to failure. Between its high strength and biocompatibility, this material is ideal for dental and biomedical applications which require ceramic interfaces.
General purpose material good for most applications.
Simulates a polyethylene plastic that has a good amount of flex.
Elastomeric materials that can be used to make stand alone parts or used in over-molding onto a rigid substrate.
Simulates polypropylene and provides a little more flex beyond the ABS-like material.
PC-like material that can be made optically clear.
More functional material beyond the general purpose ABS-like. Stiffer and more robust material.
High Heat ABS-like
This is a UL94 V0 rated material that can be used in projects requiring high heat deflection or flammability resistance.
ABSA strong, tough, and cost-effective material, machined ABS is even stronger than the 3D printed version in addition to being more consistent in its properties. ABS is the second toughest nonmetallic material Fast Radius offers, more than four times tougher polycarbonate. ABS is suitable for mounts, cases, soap holders, gears, and a wide variety of other projects with moderate to high strength and toughness requirements.
PolycarbonateStronger than ABS, yet more brittle, Polycarbonate is the material of choice where shock loads are less likely than constant loads and more strength is required than ABS provides. Polycarbonate is also transparent to RF radiation, making it ideal for antenna covers, containers, and a variety of structural components.
Polycarbonate 20% GFFor projects which need to increase strength even further, glass polycarbonate composites are an option. At double the strength, three times the modulus, and a notably higher impact resistance, this material is ideal for thin walled structures, structural components, and any other application where more strength and rigidity is needed.
Nylon 6/6With a high surface hardness, high temperature tolerance, and better strength than Polycarbonate (but lower toughness), Nylon 6/6 is the next step in trading impact resistance for static strength. This is the material of choice when a high melting point plastic is required and scratch resistance is still desired, or when strength and stiffness are key. Ideal use cases include thin cosmetic covers or underhood components.
30% GF NylonFor increased strength and heat resistance, glass reinforced Nylon is also available. This is the weakest of the composites, but still stronger than any plastic besides the ULTEMs, and it is even more resistant to heat than pure nylon. This is the material of choice for underhood components and other applications which require the best strength possible while maintaining the temperature resistance of Nylon.
DelrinLike all Acetals, Delrin exhibits good temperature resistance along with exceptional lubricity, surface hardness, and abrasion resistance. It also exhibits better stiffness than polycarbonate; making it ideal for high performance engineering components such as gears, joints, and fasteners. As a result, it sees heavy use in the automotive industry.
HDPEHigh Density Polyethylene has a limited strength, but a high elongation to failure, strength to weight ratio, and toughness. It also possesses high chemical resistance, meaning it can be easily disinfected or used in contact with acids. Its low melting point and softness make it easy to machine, weld, and cast. As such, it's ideal for mass produced containers in contact with both benign and highly acidic materials. It's also commonly used for cutting boards, machined parts, and tank linings.
PolypropyleneSimilar in many ways to HDPE, Polypropylene is used in similar applications. However, Polypropylene has a higher melting point, allowing it to be used in microwaveable containers, and is able to withstand autoclaving conditions. It possesses high lubricity which prevents it from being glued effectively. Because of this, its relatively low melting point is leveraged to weld it instead. Combined with its high strength to weight ratio, fatigue resistance, and chemical inertness which it shares with HDPE, it sees use in reclosable containers, ropes, piping, and clothing.
Clear AcrylicAcrylic exhibits strength similar to Nylon, but with lower toughness and a better surface hardness. It is also highly transparent, and can be used as a replacement for glass. In many cases, it serves as a more economical alternative to polycarbonate when toughness is not as critical or the presence of Bisphenol A could be an issue. Artwork, intraocular lenses, biomedical implants, and windshields are all applications for this material.
PVC White/GrayBest known for its use in tubing, polyvinyl chloride is a cheap and versatile polymer valuable for its self-extinguishing properties, strength to weight ratio, and ease of manufacture. It is suitable for signage, siding, tubing, and other applications which require good toughness and chemical resistance.
PVC ClearWith better strength than Nylon and good stiffness and impact resistance, this is a cost effective option for low temperature high strength applications where the cost of composites isn’t justified, or transparency is needed. This material is suitable for containers, mechanical components, electronics cases, and similar applications.
Ultem 1000With the highest strength and strength to weight ratio of the polymeric materials we offer, this is the material to choose when strength is the driving variable. Toughness is comparable to PVC and Nylon. When necessary, ULTEM 1000 will perform at temperatures over 400°F, making it suitable for underhood and aerospace applications.
Ultem 1000 20% GFThe second-strongest non-metallic material offered for CNC machining, glass reinforced ULTEM 1000 is more than three times as strong as ABS and twice as strong as Nylon, while offering toughness similar to Polycarbonate. This material is ideal for aerospace and underhood components, as well as frames, structures, and other load bearing parts.
G-10 FR4The strongest non-metallic material offered for CNC machining, this glass-reinforced epoxy offers more than twice the strength of reinforced ULTEM 1000 and the highest nonmetallic toughness to boot; not even ABS can resist impacts as well. This material is suitable for high-performance parts in the aerospace and automotive industries.
Aluminum / 6061-T651A widely available structural metal with fairly good strength, excellent joinability, and resistance to corrosion. Used for aircraft and marine fittings, valves, bike frames, and other parts where an excellent strength to weight ratio, resistance to corrosion, and joinability override the need for raw strength.
Aluminum / 7075-T651A very high strength structural metal used for gears, keys, worm gears, aircraft frames, and other applications where very high strength, light weight, and corrosion resistance are required. Machinability suffers compared to 6061.
Brass / 260 (70/30)For aesthetic, low friction, and spark-free applications, 260 Brass is available. Offering good durability, strength, and corrosion resistance, this material can be used for lamps, flashlight cases, locks, hinges, and tools in environments where sparks are unacceptable.
Copper / C101C101 is very pure grade of copper, appropriate for applications where thermal and electrical conductivity are more important than strength. Due to it's brilliant color, it is commonly found in decorative applications. Artwork, electrical components, marine parts, and valves are all applications that this material is appropriate for.
Low Carbon Steel / CR 1018A common low carbon steel, CR 1018 is a mid-strength, highly ductile, general-purpose carbon steel good for gears, functional parts, frames, and almost any structural application where severe corrosion and weight budgets are absent.
Magnesium / AZ31AZ31 is a low strength, low density Magnesium alloy for applications which require a good strength to weight ratio, specific modulus, and weldability. It is also highly corrosion resistant. Magnesium is the lightest of the structural metals, and is particularly useful when buckling is a concern. Its low density means parts made from AZ31 will be thicker in order to have the same strength as their aluminum counterparts. This material is appropriate for very light components such as camera frames, tripods, backpacking gear, and aerospace parts.
Stainless Steel / 304/304LType 304 stainless steel is a moderate strength, highly ductile, general purpose austenitic stainless steel suitable for gears, structural components, and other structural uses in moderately corrosive environments. 304L is a low carbon variant that can be welded as carbide precipitation is negligible. This is a nonmagnetic material and is commonly used in land based structures exposed to the elements.
Stainless Steel / 316/316LType 316 stainless steel is a modification on type 304 which includes Molybdenum to further increase corrosion resistance, especially to pitting. It also maintains its strength up to 600°F. It is suitable for fittings, structures, cables, and functional components used in moderate to aggressive corrosion environments, such as coastal and marine settings. 316L is a low carbon variant to limit carbide precipitation during welding. This is a nonmagnetic material.
Stainless Steel / 17-4 PHA high strength martensitic steel for applications where more strength is needed and moderate corrosion threats are present. Its ductility is less than the austenitic steels, but weldability is excellent. This material sees heavy use in the aerospace, petrochemical, and food industries for structures, containers, and other types of parts.
Steel Alloy / 41404140 is a low alloy steel with high impact and abrasion resistance as well as toughness. It also has great fatigue strength and decent resistance to atmospheric corrosion. This makes 4140 suitable for structures, gears, chains, and functional components in mildly corrosive environments. It has good weldability, and maintains reasonable strength up to 600°F.